It is becoming the norm, and we appear reluctant to address it. We have the steps in place to change it--and we've had these steps for over half a century. What has been waning is our will to act and our determination to succeed.
Poverty is an uncomfortable word. Just as the phrase middle class tells us little about a person, the word poverty typically tells us little about the students we serve.
We know, for example, that the poor and middle classes have many overlapping values, including valuing education and the importance of hard work Gorski, But if poor people were exactly the same cognitively, socially, emotionally, and behaviorally as those from the middle class, then the exact same teaching provided to both middle-class students and students from poverty would bring the exact same results.
In one study of 81, students across the United States, the students not in Title I programs consistently reported higher levels of engagement than students who were eligible for free or reduced-price lunch Yazzie-Mintz, Poverty affects student education children from poverty more likely to struggle with engagement in school?
The answer is yes. Seven differences between middle-class and low-income students show up at school. By understanding those differences and how to address them, teachers can help mitigate some of the negative effects of poverty.
But first, my most important suggestion is to get to know your students well. Without respect—and without taking time to connect with your students—these seven factors will mean little. Health and Nutrition Overall, poor people are less likely to exercise, get proper diagnoses, receive appropriate and prompt medical attention, or be prescribed appropriate medications or interventions.
The poor have more untreated ear infections and hearing loss issues Menyuk, ; greater exposure to lead Sargent et al. Each of these health-related factors can affect attention, reasoning, learning, and memory.
Nutrition plays a crucial role as well. Children who grow up in poor families are exposed to food with lower nutritional value. This can adversely affect them even in the womb Antonow-Schlorke et al.
Exposure to lead is correlated with poor working memory and weaker ability to link cause and effect. Kids with ear infections may have trouble with sound discrimination, making it tough to follow directions, do highly demanding auditory processing, and understand the teacher.
This can hurt reading ability and other skills. Poor diets also affect behavior. Students can often appear listless with low energy or hyperactive on a sugar "high".
What You Can Do Remember, the two primary foods for the brain are oxygen and glucose; oxygen reacts with glucose to produce energy for cell function. Schools can provide these at zero cost. Having students engage in slow stretching while taking slow deep breaths can increase their oxygenation.
Yoga training has been shown to increase metabolic controls so children can better manage themselves. Recess and physical education contribute to greater oxygen intake and better learning Winter et al.
Never withhold recess from students for a disciplinary issue; there are countless other ways to let them know they behaved inappropriately. Children need physical education programs at every level to perform well academically.
In addition, the use of games, movement, and drama will trigger the release of glucose, stored in the body as glycogen. Proper glucose levels are associated with stronger memory and cognitive function.
In short, physical activity will reduce some of the issues associated with poor nutrition and will build student health. Children from low-income families hear, on average, 13 million words by age 4.
In middle-class families, children hear about 26 million words during that same time period. In fact, toddlers from middle- and upper-income families actually used more words in talking to their parents than low-SES mothers used in talking to their own children Bracey, Words help children represent, manipulate, and reframe information.
Kids from low-income families are less likely to know the words a teacher uses in class or the words that appear in reading material.
|Graduate Degree Programs||All rights reserved This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Over the past decade, the unfortunate reality is that the income gap has widened between Canadian families.|
|Emotional and Social Challenges||How Does Poverty Affect Education? April 10, Updated On:|
|How Poverty Affects Behavior and Academic Performance||Poverty is an uncomfortable word.|
What You Can Do Vocabulary building must form a key part of enrichment experiences for students, and teachers must be relentless about introducing and using new words.
Students can do a "class mixer" and test other students; they give the new word to their partner, and their partner has to use it in a sentence. Teachers can also draw cards from a bowl and ask the class to use the new word in a sentence. Teachers can incorporate vocabulary practice into daily rituals.How Poverty Affects Behavior and Academic Performance In Chapter 1, we were introduced to history teacher Chris Hawkins.
The family Mr. Hawkins grew up in was far from poor: his father was a colonel in the U.S. Air Force, and his mother was a store manager. Today more than ever, education remains the key to escaping poverty, while poverty remains the biggest obstacle to education. Harnessing the growing body of neuroscience knowledge in an effective and practical way is the key to breaking the vicious cycle.
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There is a $50 fee associated with your application. How Poverty Affects Behavior and Academic Performance.
It is much easier to condemn a student's behavior and demand that he or she change it than it is to help the student change it. Every proper response that you don't see at your school is one that you need to be teaching. The dramatic socioeconomic divide in education doesn't help.
Statistics on How Poverty Affects Children in Schools. How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement We know, for example, that the poor and middle classes have many overlapping values, including valuing education and the importance of hard work (Gorski, ).
But if poor people were exactly the same cognitively, socially, emotionally, and behaviorally as those from the middle class, then the exact.